Tri-Level Thermocouples

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Tri-Level thermocouples are triplex thermocouples with three sensor positioned at different lengths for measurement of vertical temperature profile. These three sensors are named as Top, Middle and Bottom sensors according to their respective positions. These type of sensors are basically used in Glass Furnaces/ Fore-hearths. It is used there to monitor the state of molten glass before it is further processed. The sensors act as a feedback cannel for the furnace heaters so as to sustain thermal homogeneity of the glass exiting the fore-hearth for forming.

As the thermocouple is inserted into molten glass, it is subjected to erosion. To withstand this Platinum / Platinum alloy thimbles are used to sheath the thermocouple. These thimbles are resistant to wear and can be inserted and removed several times without damaging the sensor. These thimbles are either brazed to the shank or are cemented with the Alumina protection tube.

But introducing raw thimbles into the molten glass has an adverse effect, molten glass consists of strong reducing agents which react with Platinum to form oxides. These oxides break the grain structure of the thimble and weakens it. Also the sulphur content in the

glass reacts with Platinum alloy which in turn destroys the thimble.

To counter this problem Dispersion Hardening technique is used for hardening Platinum and its alloys, this increases the mechanical strength and also strengthens the grain structure.

Properties of Dispersion Hardened Thimble:

  • High Mechanical
  • Higher Creep even at high
  • Strong grain
  • Increased formability.

Materials used forThimble:

  • DPH Platinum
  • DPH Platinum 10%Rhodium
  • DPH Platinum 20% Rhodium
  • *DPH: Dispersion Hardened


  • Temperature Range: 100 – 1600°C.
  • Element : R / S / B (At 3 levels top, middle andbottom)
  • Protection Sheath: Al2O3Ceramic tube / Platinum or Platinum alloy
  • Thimble Wall Thickness: 0.2 to 0.5
  • Sheath Length: As per requirement.
  • Process Connection: As per
  • Holding Tube: InconelTM600 /
  • Connection Cable: Ceramic Fiber Insulated compensating cable.
  • Position of element: Adjustable acc. to application


  • 3 point temperature measurement using only a single entry and process
  • Accurate Temperature profiling for achieving thermal homogeneity.
  • Customizable sensor positions for different applications.
  • High temperature resistant sheath allows measurement at higher temperatures without sensor
  • Top quality Ceramics and rare metals used for accuracy and precision.


  • Fore-Hearth and distributor glass
  • Any other application where vertical temperature profiling is required.